A Mango is a native fruit of the Indian subcontinent and it belongs to the genus Mangifera. It is a very popular fruit all over the world including Indian sub continent. It consists of large species of tropical fruiting trees in Anacardiaceae family of flowering plant. It is commonly cultivated and used as edible food. The botanical name of the mango is Mangifera indica that is cultivated in various tropical and subtropical regions. It is also distributed broadly the world over. The fruitå and leaves of mango are widely used in floral decorations in various cultures at religious ceremonies, and public celebrations.
The Scientific classification of Mango is as follows
The mango tree (Mangifera indica L.) grow 115–130 ft tall with a radius of crown is about 10 m. It is among the list of long lived trees and some species of mango plant bears fruit even after the age of years. It also grows deep inside the ground where its taproot extends up to depth of 6 m. The wide-spreading feeder roots send down various anchor roots that penetrate deeply inside the soil. The leaves of the mango trees are evergreen, simple, long, broad and alternate. When the leaves are young they look orange-pink and they change their colours to dark glossy red, followed by dark green colour on maturity. The flowers of the trees are small and white in colour. The flower of mango comes with five petals and has a mild sweet odour. The ripening of mango fruit takes within three to six months.
The ripe fruit of mango comes in various sizes and colours. The cultivars are usually yellow, green and orange. The fruit carries a single oblong pit which may be fibrous or hairy on the surface. The Ripe and unpeeled fruit produces distinctive sweet smell.