The farming of Mango fruit comprises of various crucial steps including Progagation, Planting, Pruning, fertiliser application, Irrigation and inter-cropping.
Propagation – Farmers should pick up those mango plants that are vegetatively propagated and they should collect these plants from the recognised nurseries. Some of the commonly used methods in propagation of mango include Inarching; veneer grafting, epicotyls grafting and side grafting.
Planting -In order to plant the Mango trees, the land needs to be prepared by deep ploughing followed by the process of harrowing. The levelling of land should be done with a gentle slope for allowing good drainage. The spacing is 10 m x 10 m in the dry areas marked by less growth and it is to 12 m x 12 m in heavy rainfall areas and rich soils that allows profuse vegetative growth.
Pruning – It is recommended to left one meter area free from branching from the base on the main trunk. Branches of the tree which are cross over each other should be removed at pencil thickness.
Application of Fertiliser – The fertilisers that should be applied should include the following doses.
From first to tenth year – 110 gm single super phosphate, 170 gm urea, and 115 gm Muriate of potash per plant per year
From ten year onwards 1.1 kg single super phosphate, 1.7 kg Urea and 1.15 kg Muriate of potash fertilisers per plant per year
The fertiliser needs to be applied in two equal split doses from June-July and October.
Irrigation- Young plants are frequently watered for proper s growth. The irrigation at 10 to 15 days interval from the time of fruit setting to maturity proves to be great for enhancing the fruit yield. Irrigation is not advised for 2-3 months before the flowering as it promotes the vegetative growth at the cost of flowering.
Inter Cropping – the usage of inter crops like legumes, vegetables, short duration and dwarf fruit crops such as papaya, guava, etc depends on the agro-climatic factors.