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Nutrients and Phytochemicals of Mango

March 3, 2011 by Dr Jain

The Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz) of Mango includes the following.

Energy 272 kJ (65 kcal)

Carbohydrates 17.00 g

Fat          0.27 g

Protein                 0.51 g

Sugars   14.8 g

Dietary fiber       1.8 g

In addition to these, Mango contains various Vitamins, minerals in varying quantities.

Mango is rich in lots of phytochemicals and nutrients. The fruit pulp of Mango is high in vitamin C, polyphenols, prebiotic dietary fiber, and provitamin A carotenoids. Mango also possesses necessary vitamins and dietary minerals. The antioxidant vitamins A, C and E forms 25%, 76% and 9% of the DRI (Dietary Reference Intake) in a 165 grams serving.  Mango also contains Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, 11% DRI), vitamin K (9% DRI), and other B vitamins. In addition to these, other essential nutrients provided by Mango includes potassium, copper and zinc. Moreover, it also contains 17 amino acids in good proportions.

Mango peel and pulp comprises of phytonutrients, like the pigment antioxidants (carotenoids and polyphenols) and omega-3 and -6 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Mango peel contains pigments with antioxidant properties including carotenoids (beta-carotene, provitamin A compound, lutein and alpha-carotene); polyphenols (gallic acid, caffeic acid, quercetin, kaempferol, catechins, tannins, and xanthone and mangiferin,) and any such compound that counteract free radicals in different disease processes as shown in preliminary research.  The Phytochemical and nutrient content usually vary across the mango species.

There are over 25 different carotenoids that have been separated from mango pulp. The densest carotenoid present in mango pulp is beta-carotene and it is responsible for the yellow-orange pigmentation of the majority of mango species. The Peel and leaves of mango have major polyphenol content including xanthones, mangiferin and gallic acid.

The mango triterpene, lupeol has been proven to be an effective inhibitor of prostate and skin cancers in laboratory models. Vimang is an extract of mango branch bark that contains numerous polyphenols with antioxidant properties in vitro and on blood specification of elderly humans.

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